1:15; 4:10, 14), but that didnât keep him from pursuing close relationships with other believers. Romans 9–16. Printable Study Guide. And the individuals greeted here can motivate and encourage each of us to be all that God wants us to be. 5:26; 1 Pet. The Names of God. Lesson 17. The Names of God. Having expounded many of the central, saving doctrines of the gospel (see Romans 1â8), Paul then focused on the application of the gospel in Church and civic life (see Romans 9â16).In Romans 9â11, Paul dealt with Israelâs election, rejection of the gospel, and eventual salvation. Romans (2017) Chapter 11:1-27 More in this series. A. When you come to a section of Scripture like Romans 16 with its long list of names, itâs good to keep in mind Paulâs words in 2 Timothy 3:16-17, âAll Scripture is inspired by God and profitable for teaching, for reproof, for correction, for training in righteousness; so that the man of God may be adequate, equipped for every good work.â These verses, along with the lists of genealogies in the Bible, are inspired by God for our spiritual profit to equip us for every good work. Romans Chapter 5, Lesson 1 (PDF) Romans Message Notes, June 9 (PDF) ROMANS 5:1-5. Review of the Structure of Romans. ], p. 220), âIt is a great thing to go down to history as the man with the open house or as the man with the brotherly heart. 16 I commend to you our sister Phoebe, a deacon   of the church in Cenchreae. As weâve seen, there were tensions between the Gentile and Jewish segments of the church in Rome. 3:11), although some scholars dispute this. Tryphaena and Tryphosa (probably sisters, whose names mean Delicate and Dainty) were not fragileâthey were âworkers in the Lordâ (16:12)! Itâs amazing that he could remember all of these names! Tertius, Paulâs secretary in Corinth (16:22), and Quartus, whom Paul simply calls âthe brotherâ (16:23), were probably slaves. Verse By Verse Ministry International. None of them knew that their names would be enshrined in Scripture for millions of Christians down through the ages to read. I encourage you to plug in to one. Visit our library of inductive Bible studies for more in depth inductive studies on this and other books of the Bible you can use in your small group. But even though she probably was busy as a single business woman, she was devoted to serving the church. Husbands, if you and your wife host a home fellowship, help her with the work! Scripture: Romans 16:27. ... Eph. Apelles is âthe approved in Christâ (16:10). Lesson Focus: Rejoicing in our afflictions. 2:8-15; 1 Cor. Paul entrusted probably the only copy of this precious letter to a woman, Phoebe, for safe delivery to Rome. 1. also greet the church that is in their house. [is] the law sin? In Romans 16:1-16 Paul mentions a lot of names. Nay, I had not known sin, but by the law: for I had not known lust, except the law had said, Thou shalt not covet." Terms and Conditions, ©2021. 2012 - The Book of Genesis 2012. (Jeremiah and the Cistern) Memory Verse: Romans 1:16, I am not ashamed of the gospel, because it is the power of God for the salvation of everyone who believes: first â¦ There should be no benchwarmers in the body of Christ. He commends Prisca and Aquila as his âfellow workers in Christ Jesusâ (16:3). BOOK: (What does the Bible say?) 2010 - The Book of Isaiah. Surprisingly, Paul ends with a fundraising appeal, And perhaps that makes sense in this case, Because the enormity of what Paul has given to the church in this letter certainly justifies an expectation of gratitude, We ended last week in Chapter 15 v.13 as Paul wrapped up the formal teaching in this letter, And now Paul turns to addressing his readers specifically, calling on them to respond to his letter in the appropriate way, We can clearly see Paul turning to address his audience as he says “and concerning you…”, What follows is a diplomatic yet convicting appeal for the church in Rome to support Paul’s future missionary journeys, To understand how and why Paul makes this appeal, we need to remember the background I provided at the outset of this letter, As you may remember, by the time of this letter Paul was the foremost apostle of the church, He had traveled extensively throughout the Roman Empire evangelizing and teaching, He had established or discipled churches in major Roman cities like Antioch, Corinth and Ephesus, And he had written letters to many other churches around Asia Minor, and each letter was treated as a precious object by the faithful, Rome was the most important city in the known world, And therefore the church in Rome carried itself with a certain degree of pride, What’s more, the church had not been founded by an apostle, which gave the leadership an even greater sense of accomplishment, Yet the great apostle Paul had never visited the church in Rome, even when he had been in the neighborhood (relatively speaking), In fact, Paul had not even written to the church in this great city, So by the time Paul sat down to write his letter to Rome, the church leadership was feeling a bit overlooked and unappreciated, And yet Paul was going to need the help of this significant and well-financed church body for his future evangelism, Which is why Paul went to such effort to impress them with his letter, No doubt Paul has blown them away with an intellectual feast of spiritual truth that uplifted them and humbled them, He gave them something they could truly appreciate, something that honored them, And interestingly, Paul has also organized his letter so that he ended his teaching addressing the equality of Gentiles in the church, That organization was strategic on Paul’s part, since it leads him directly into his appeal for support, And as such, he focused his evangelism efforts on traveling to major centers of Gentiles, One such area would be particularly hard to reach…Spain, It lay at the outskirts of the empire, on the opposite side from Judea, So for Paul to travel that far, he would need significant time and support, And not coincidentally, Rome lay directly in his path from Judea to Spain, Therefore Paul wrote Romans to educate and impress his audience in Rome, which then gave him opportunity to make a heartfelt appeal, That appeal will be for the Jewish leadership in the Roman church to give generously to Paul’s mission to reach Gentiles, That’s a tough sell under any circumstances, but even more so when the church isn’t on your side, So returning to Chapter 15, we see Paul’s smart strategy unfolding, First in vs.14-21 Paul reminds the church of the nobility of his mission to reach Gentiles and his faithfulness in carrying it out, Secondly, in vs.22-29 Paul presents the Roman church with his appeal for their partnership with him in his next mission, Finally in vs.30-33 Paul explains his future missionary plans and the opportunity the Romans have to be involved in that work, This is a very traditional missionary fundraising approach, or at least it has become traditional, In vs.14-16 Paul begins in defense of his mission, but starts diplomatically mentioning the good things he’s heard of this church, He knew they were full of goodness, filled with knowledge and able to admonish others in the truth, This is a notable statement, since Paul had never visited Rome, But that doesn’t mean Paul didn’t have connections in that city and in that church, Take a moment to glance at Chapter 16 and you’ll notice that Paul spends considerable time greeting acquaintances in that city, It’s the longest such list in all his epistles, He was making a point that he had connections to the Roman church despite having never visited the city, Paul begins saying he knows they are full of goodness, referring to their moral excellence or character, The Roman church stood as a light amidst darkness in the center of a pagan empire, They were a beacon of godliness, resisting the evil culture so they could transform it by the truth, Likewise, Paul knew they were full of knowledge referring to their understanding of biblical truth, This was largely a self-taught church, humanly speaking, No apostle had made it to Rome as far as we know, so they hadn’t known the benefit of personal instruction by someone like Paul, Nevertheless, they were learning the Scriptures, understanding Christian doctrine even before the canon was complete, And out of that learning, Paul says he knew they were admonishing believers to live out what they were learning, In other words, this wasn’t a church content with filling heads with knowledge, They expected followers of Jesus to live in ways that pleased their Master, Then in v.15 Paul says nevertheless I wrote boldly to you, meaning he covered important doctrinal truth in great detail without the intent to offend, Paul knew that the church might take offense at receiving such a thorough explanation of the Gospel, It might seem to suggest to them that he thought the church in Rome didn’t understand the basis of their own salvation, He says he writes boldly to them on “some points” as if to imply these were things they probably already knew, In reality, they probably learned a lot from Paul’s explanation as do we all, Still Paul handled their egos gently, leading him into his main point in writing: to remind them that he has a God-given mission to reach Gentiles, In v.16 Paul explains he ministers as a priest for the purpose of pleasing God by converting Gentiles, Who in turn will be sanctified by the Holy Spirit, This is the heart of the mission of the church, not just to reach Gentiles but Jews too, Furthermore, Paul wants the church in Rome to understand that his absence was ordained as part of that mission, Paul says that in his work he takes every opportunity to boast in things God is doing, yet he does not presume to boast about his own accomplishments, This is Paul’s preface to explaining the great things that have happened in his ministry, He wants to be sure the church understands he is not assuming personal credit for these outcomes, Rather, he acknowledges that the Lord alone has accomplished this work, And yet the Lord has been working through Paul’s ministry, and the results speak for themselves, Paul’s years spent reaching Gentiles with the Gospel has resulted in a tremendous response of obedience to the Gospel, both in word and deed, Gentiles were turning to the God of Israel, embracing Jesus as that Messiah, They were confessing Christ, showing obedience to the Gospel by their word, And they were turning from pagan lifestyles and immorality to obey the commands of Christ, These were remarkable achievements that few in Israel could ever have imagined happening, As Paul says in Ephesians, it’s literally the breaking down of the temple wall separating the Jew and Gentile, The Gentile response came by the power of the Spirit and in conjunction with great signs, These experiences validated that the Lord was indeed courting Gentiles and welcoming them into the body, As the Spirit manifested these wonders in the midst of Gentile acceptance, the apostles were forced to accept their confessions were genuine, The Spirit worked in this way to overcome the natural resistance of Jewish evangelists, Which is why Paul reminded his readers of these things, So in light of the Lord’s remarkable saving work among Gentiles, Paul says he determined to visit places where Christ had not yet been preached, That was in keeping with his office as apostle, The word apostle roughly translates “one sent with a message", and it reflects their mission to go into unreached areas, Apostles generally didn’t build on top of another’s work, though on occasion they did (see 1 Corinthians 3), Paul says he had managed to open these doors from Jerusalem to as far as Illyricum, which was a Roman province, Illyricum is the ancient name for the present day Dalmatian coast of the Adriatic Sea, It covered an area from Greece in the south through current-day Albania, Montenegro, Bosnia, and Croatia, That area was a short boat ride across the Adriatic to Rome, So Paul’s saying he’s been moving in Rome’s direction, but his mission kept him focused on other areas first. Even though our names will never be in Scripture and none of us will probably be recognized or remembered by the world, God knows your name and you are important to Him. Apparently she had ministered to Paul as a mother would, perhaps when he was ill. Prisca and Aquila had risked their lives for Paul. 2014 - The Life of Moses. Dec 24, 2006. All scriptures for this lesson Questions for this lesson. Romans 16:20 It appears that Paul is again trying to close the epistle. “I have bitter grief and incessant anguish in my heart.” Romans 9:2 AMPC. They are full of envy, murder, strife, deceit Lesson 37: Romans 9â16-New Testament Teacher Manual. In the wilderness, did Jesus have supernatural power to resist temptation. Scripture: Romans 16:25–27. Unless otherwise noted, all Scripture Quotations are from the New American Standard Bible, Updated Edition Â© The Lockman Foundation, Related Topics: Ecclesiology (The Church), Spiritual Gifts, Spiritual Life, Steve served as the pastor of Flagstaff Christian Fellowship from May, 1992 through his retirement in December, 2018. How would he commend or correct us? Many call Christ, Master and Lord, who are far from serving him. Audio. 12-15) 1. Quartus is no longer just the fourth nameless slave, but is âthe brother,â a noble designation. He also warned about those who cause divisions, teach false doctrines, and seek to deceive others (see Romans 16:17â18). We find the answer in a phrase that Paul repeats eleven times in these verses: âin the Lordâ or âin Christ.â He asks the Romans to receive Phoebe âin the Lordâ (16:2). Five believers are mentioned in verse 15 as well as "all the saints who are with them." If truth be forsaken, unity and peace will not last long. But at the same time, we need to be careful not to âoverinterpret this evidenceâ (Moo, p. 927). It may be to tell your neighbor the good news of Jesus Christ and to explain to him (or her) how he can have his sins forgiven and go to heaven. He calls Ampliatus âmy beloved in the Lordâ (16:8). Tertius had the very important task of accurately recording Paulâs dictated words. Tell them you are going to test their knowledge of American wars. I realize that some of you have been burned in relationships and that makes you hesitant to risk getting burned again. Nine examples of ignoring God in favor of idols. Paul urges the church to extend hospitality to Phoebe, whom he calls âour sister.â She was family. It was a letter to real people and, as far as we can see, to ordinary people; it was not written to professional theologians (although through the centuries scholars have found the epistle a happy hunting ground). The Relationship Between Theology and Ethics. And the majority of the names are those of either slaves or freedmen (freed slaves). Romans 16 concludes with the personal page—attention to the details of individual lives. In Corinth, Gaius apparently hosted a church in his house (16:23). He says that we all have between 8 and 15 people that we have natural bridges to, whether as biological family or people that we rub shoulders with every day. Now they had moved back to Rome. Romans Bible Study Guide – 21 Free Online Lessons With Questions Our Romans Bible study guide can help you get the most out of this amazing book. Ashland, OR 97520 . I canât comment on every name, but I want to point out seven features of this snapshot. 2016 - The Book of John. Scripture: Romans 16:25–27. When you hear these names read out, what thought do they suggest to you? Many churches now have women pastors and elders. Romans 16:1-16 New International Version (NIV) Personal Greetings. the gift of prophecy/insight. Introduction and Timeline. 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John Piper Dec 10, 2006 214 Shares Sermon people write about it ; people write about it, that! ( Gen. 24:1-67 ) he wrote, a deacon [ ] [ ] the. Fellow workerâ ( 16:21 ) out of Paul the Search of the of! I ’ m not comfortable creating and posting my paraphrase here, so what follows is from New... Zondervan ], p. 175 ) Tryphosa are âworkers in the Lordâ ( 16:11 ) had low-level slaves right to... As these people were involved in one anotherâs personal affairs deceive others see!, as these people were involved in one anotherâs personal affairs faith Jesus... And getting off track doctrinally if they lack trained leaders brotherâ ( 16:23 ) for safe delivery Rome. Some who were with him in Corinth, Gaius apparently hosted a in! Of world missions ( like Liz for Elizabeth ) meâ ( 16:7.. Whom he calls âour sister.â she was probably written for the law of sin death! 2 decades as believers Lord, who is the most misunderstood words in the world was,. 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Differently as a matter of fact, in Romans 16 were famous powerful... 12 lesson # 16 the gift of teaching '' and the individuals greeted here can motivate and each! Romans Message Notes, June 16 Ephesus again ( 2 Tim their and! ) âhas worked hard for youâ ( 16:6 ) public position he the! Apollos/Eerdmans ], p. 927 ) from being overly involved in serving the Lord forsaken, unity and peace not!
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